The Time-Warner web site (www.pathfinder.com) section calledalt.culture(now apparently defunct) had a brief description ofAndrew's story, including a photo of him in his minimal, two-bandana-handkerchief costume (right). This is the costume he
wore to classes once nudity was outlawed on campus.
Andrew Martinez (1993)
The Time-Warner web site (www.pathfinder.com) section calledalt.culture(now apparently defunct) had a brief description ofAndrew's story, including a photo of him in his minimal, two-bandana-handkerchief costume (above). This is the costume he
wore to classes once nudity was outlawed on campus.
Andrew Martinez was not some "crazy" nudist and he died a horrible tragic death. What really happened
is what I have spent over two years investigating. This webpage is provided under federal fair use guidelines and for investigative
purposes. My investigation is not over. If you have any information old photos, videos, etc. of Andrew Martinez, please
contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I am willing to pay for their use.
Written by Alberta Rose Jones,
September 26, 2010, copyright protected
could see it in his eyes -- the meds were taking a lot out of him," Schwartz said. "It's just such a waste. This
never should have happened."
Bryan Schwartz, Martinez's best friend, said the man who died in the jail cell hardly resembled the former
high school star defensive lineman and straight-A student who charmed peers with his laid-back, kindhearted nature and penchant
Martinez was found under his bed covers with a plastic bag cinched around his head, Cursi said. Officials
are investigating the death as an apparent suicide.
Doctors were never able to give Martinez an exact
diagnosis, and he struggled for years with his medication. Some periods he was his familiar, lucid self, but other times his
mind "seemed to be commanded by an alien spirit," Schwartz said.
Martinez attended classes atUniversity of California, Berkeley. In September 1992, hissecondyear in college, he began appearing naked in public and led a campus "nude-in"
to protest social repression. Campus police first arrested him that fall for indecent exposure when he jogged naked nearsouthsidedormitorieslate on a Saturday night. The county prosecutor refused to prosecute, concluding
that nudity withoutlewdbehavior was not illegal. The university then banned nudity on campus. Martinez
began strolling around campus naked, citing philosophical reasons. He explained that when he dressed in expensive, uncomfortable,
stylish, "appropriate" attire, he hid the fact that his personal belief was that clothes were useless in his environment
except as a tool for class and gender differentiation.
wrote a 1992 guest column inThe Oakland Tribune: "When I walk around nude, I am acting how I think it is reasonable to act, not howmiddle-classvalues tell me I should act. I am refusing to hide my dissent in normalcy
even though it is very easy to do so." Martinez, who typically attended classes wearing onlysandalsand abackpack, became acause célèbreat
the university for a while, sparking a number of nude-ins on campus and performances by the Bay Areanudistgroup the X-Plicit Players. He appeared on national talk shows, was profiled
in a photo essay inPlaygirland was parodied in the1994college comedyPCU. Although UC Berkeley never acknowledged a social conservative rationale for dealing with Martinez, the school eventually
recognized a feminist argument raising sexual harassment concerns, and accordingly issued its "Policy Statement Concerning
Public Nudity and Sexually Offensive Conduct" on December 7, 1992.
Then neither employed nor furthering his education, Martinez
continued living inBerkeley, and was arrested for public nudity by the city. He fought those charges and won. For many months, it was legal to walk around
nude in Berkeley and he went further, attending a City Council meeting naked. The city adopted an anti-nudity ordinance in
July 1993.Martinez and some of his supporters then showed up at a City Hall meeting
in the buff and he became the first person arrested under new city ordinance.He pleaded guilty to the misdemeanor charge and got two years’
After his legal
matters were settled, Martinez traveled to Europe, studiedjudo, and began to write a manuscript about his experiences. After his return and continued unemployment, he began to manifest
symptoms ofmental illnessand he spent much of the decade following his national fame moving amonghalfway houses, psychiatric institutions, occasionalhomelessness, and jail, but never getting comprehensive treatment, his family said. Martinez showed signs of schizophrenia and was prescribed
medication, but with little improvement. "It was an endless cycle of trying to get answers but never getting any,"
said his mother. "It was endless, endless, endless."
The last time Martinez's mother saw her son was three weeks
before his death when she visited him in jail. "He was sad. He was tired. He said he had enough", she said. "I
alerted everyone, but nothing happened". On the evening of his death a guard checked on him at 11 p.m. and he was fine,
but a few minutes later other inmates reported hearing sounds coming from his cell. An officer returned at 11:19 and found
Martinez unconscious. The 33-year-old Martinez was found with a plastic bag cinched around his head. He was taken to Valley
Medical Center, where he was pronounced dead of apparentsuicideon May 18, 2006. Martinez's funeral was held May 25. A memorial for him was
held May 27 atPeople's Park, in Berkeley.On November 12 of that year, a public memorial was held at a community
recreation center in Cupertino.
In 2009, his mother Esther Krenn settled a wrongful death
lawsuit against Santa Clara County, which paid her $1 million and altered its policies so that family members would be notified
in the event of a suicide attempt.
The Naked Guy, whose
au naturel jaunts through Berkeley spurred a nudity revolt in the early 1990s and earned him national fame, died in a San
Jose jail cell, apparently of suicide.
While many chuckled at the exploits of Andrew Martinez, friends
and family of the 33-year-old talked Saturday about a troubled man who struggled for years with mental illness.
was a person with tremendous gifts and charisma who could have been a great asset to our society, but instead I feel like
society -- me included -- failed him," said Martinez's best friend, Bryan Schwartz, a civil rights lawyer in Washington,
D.C. "It's such a waste."
After his days as the Naked Guy, Martinez spent the next decade bouncing among halfway
houses, psychiatric institutions, occasional homelessness and jail, but never getting comprehensive treatment, his family
said. His life ended in an apparent suicide Thursday morning.
"It was an endless cycle of trying to get answers
but never getting any," said his mother, who requested that her name not be used. "It was endless, endless, endless."
were never able to give Martinez an exact diagnosis, and he struggled for years with his medication. Some periods he was his
familiar, lucid self, but other times his mind "seemed to be commanded by an alien spirit," Schwartz said.
before his mental illness wreaked havoc on his and his family's lives, Martinez was a bright, charismatic, sweet-natured youth
with a promising future.
"He was such an adorable little boy, such a joy," said longtime family friend Lee
Ann Fagan, a nurse in Sonoma County. "His entire childhood his future seemed so bright."
A star defensive
lineman and straight-A student at Monta Vista High School in Cupertino, Martinez was a popular -- if nonconformist -- figure
"Everyone loved him. He was warm, positive, brilliant. He was a math whiz even though he barely studied,"
Schwartz said. "All the girls were asking him to the prom."
He never adhered to social norms, however, always
"staying true to himself," Schwartz said. That originality and self-confidence endeared him to his classmates, largely
because he was such a kindhearted person.
He planned to study business at UC Berkeley, but once he enrolled he became
more interested in academic subjects like rhetoric and sociology.
Martinez earned the moniker "Naked Guy"
in 1992 when he was a sophomore and started attending class in the buff, give or take a book bag and sandals. His nakedness
was a form of free speech and a challenge to what he called the sexual repression of Western society, he told reporters.
6-foot-2, with an athletic physique and handsome face, he gained instant fame on campus and beyond. He appeared in Playgirl
magazine, on national TV talk shows and in dozens of newspapers.
"He wanted us to question the things we take for
granted about Western values," Schwartz said. "He wanted to us challenge the norm."
In typical Berkeley
fashion, Martinez's nudity soon hatched a political movement. In September 1992, Martinez organized a "nude-in"
on campus, in which about two dozen people stripped down to their birthday suits to exert their right to free speech. Martinez
became a hero to nudity advocates and garnered a devoted following, including the Berkeley performance troupe X-plicit Players.
unlike many Berkeley radicals, Martinez was never preachy or hostile. He was good-natured, easygoing and upbeat, and didn't
try to force his opinions 0n others, friends said.
Martinez's run-ins with the law began in the fall of 1992, when he
was arrested for indecent exposure while jogging naked near southside dormitories at 11 on a Saturday night.
were dropped, but he was arrested again when he showed up at his court date naked.
Three months later, he was expelled
from UC Berkeley for violating a campus code of conduct.
Martinez continued with his academic and athletic activities,
however, for about two more years. He competed in judo and was writing a book until his mental illness threw his life into
On Jan. 10, he was arrested after a fight at a halfway house where he was living and charged with two counts
of battery and one count of assault with a deadly weapon. He was in maximum-security custody in Santa Clara County Jail in
On Wednesday night, a guard checked on him at 11 p.m. and he was fine, but a few minutes later other inmates
reported hearing sounds coming from his cell. An officer returned at 11:19 and found Martinez unconscious. He was taken to
Valley Medical Center, where he was pronounced dead early Thursday.
Martinez had been through horrible times in the
past 10 years, but even in the throes of psychosis he retained his charisma and generous spirit, his family said.
send him stuff in jail and he'd give it all away because he knew that so many people there have nothing -- no one to visit
them, send them things, fight for them," his mother said. "He always had friends."
The last time she
saw her son was three weeks ago, when she visited him in jail.
"He was sad. He was tired. He said he had had enough,"
she said. "I alerted everyone, but nothing happened."
"You could see it in his eyes -- the meds were
taking a lot out of him," Schwartz said. "It's just such a waste. This never should have happened."
The memorial will take place at 3 p.m. at the Rancho Rinconada Recreation Center located
at 18000 Chelmsford Drive., Cupertino.
your memories with old friends. Offer condolences to those who most need them. Vow that others should not be deprived, so
tragically and needlessly, as we have been, of such a rare and gifted friend.
Come, and join our discussion about how we can make a difference, so that Andrew's
memory may be a blessing for us and our society.
Please invite friends, family, and others from the community to attend.
Martinez's family also has set up the Andrew Martinez Memorial Fund, dedicated
to helping mentally ill inmates in California. You may donate at the memorial, or send checks payable to the Andrew Martinez
Memorial Fund, c/o Bryan Schwartz, 3840 Howe St., #401 Oakland, CA 94611.
For more information on the memorial, call the Rancho Rinconada Recreation Center at
Martinez on the Berkeley campus in 1992, during his unclothed heyday.
Published: December 31, 2006
Martinez wanted to be called the Militant Nudist, but the nickname never stuck. He was simply too gentle, too agreeable for
it. In the summer of 1990, when he was 17 and had fallen under the nonconformist spell of Henry David Thoreau, Martinez took
off his clothes in public for the first time. But before he did, he went door to door, fully clothed, in his hometown, Cupertino,
Calif., to ask his neighbors if they would mind. Soon he was walking down Highway 9 wearing nothing but a backpack and a sign
that read, “I was born naked and so were you.” He made it about a mile and a half before the police stopped him
and asked him to put on some clothes, which he obligingly did.
Later, as a student at theUniversity of Californiaat Berkeley, Martinez came to be known by a moniker as straightforward and
genial as he was: the Naked Guy. He ate his meals nude. He went to parties nude. He even attended class nude. Berkeley being
Berkeley, few people took offense. It didn’t hurt that Martinez had bronze skin and a tall, muscular body (he played
football in high school and was a member of the judo team in college). Still, he tried to be considerate of those who were
discomfited by his nudity, carrying a bandanna or briefs to cover up when he felt the situation called for it and making sure
to spread a sweatshirt on his chair before sitting down in class.
It was easy to dismiss his behavior as a silly stunt, but to those who knew him, Martinez was guided
by an endearing, if naïve, sort of undergraduate idealism. Raised in a family that refused to buy clothing with designer
labels, he now argued that all clothes were a form of repression and that by not wearing them he was making people think about
the coercive nature of convention. “Our purpose is to prove that people define normalcy in their own terms,” Martinez
said at a “nude-in” he staged in 1992 at Berkeley, during which more than two dozen people disrobed.
nude-in made the Naked Guy a media favorite. The feminist writer Naomi Wolf hailed Martinez for making himself “more
vulnerable to the eye than women were.” Playgirl magazine photographed him. And tabloid TV hosts like Montel Williams
and Maury Povich had him as a guest on their shows. That Martinez was invited on these programs mainly to be mocked didn’t
seem to bother him. He’d gamely take his seat alongside his fellow guests — sex enthusiasts and porn stars —
and patiently, almost sheepishly, explain his cause. Martinez came off not as a freak but as a sweet kid. He wasn’t
destined for “a middle-class office job kind of thing,” as he conceded during one interview, but it seemed likely
that after his 15 minutes of fame he’d go on to become a community activist, or perhaps an organic farmer.
the media tired of Martinez. And so did Berkeley: in the fall of 1992, the school instituted a dress code mandating that students
wear clothing in public. Martinez quickly ran afoul of the rule, and after he showed up naked for a disciplinary hearing,
he was expelled.
Martinez stuck around the city, hanging out in People’s Park and strolling along Telegraph Avenue,
but he wasn’t the same Naked Guy as before. Friends noticed that something was amiss: Martinez had become angry —
angry about his expulsion, angry that the media had moved on to other stories, angry that no rich nudist had come forward
to bankroll the lawsuit he wanted to file against the university. He started to talk of sinister forces, like theC.I.A., that he claimed were trying to thwart him. He felt ostracized. “I merely need to take off a four-ounce piece of cotton
and reveal something that I have, everyone knows I have, half of the population has as well, to change from an average 20-year-old
guy to a sex-offending criminal,” he wrote in a book manuscript that was never published.
He began to wander Berkeley
pushing a shopping cart filled with rocks. He’d place the rocks at major intersections, trying to disrupt traffic, and
he’d make piles of them all over the city so that, as he explained to his girlfriend at the time, “people would
have weapons for when the revolution comes.” He seemed to seek out confrontations with the police, once luring them
to the co-op where he lived and pelting them with compost. He was arrested on multiple occasions.
After a period, Martinez
left Berkeley and moved back to Cupertino to live with his mother and stepfather. Although he no longer went naked in public,
his erratic behavior continued, and schizophrenia was eventually diagnosed. He spent the next decade shuttling between jails
and mental-health institutions. In January he was living in a halfway house not far from his childhood home when he had a
confrontation with a guard. He was charged with battery and assault with a deadly weapon and was placed in solitary confinement
in the maximum-security section of the Santa Clara County jail to await trial. One night in May, alone in his cell, he put
a plastic bag over his head, tied it around his neck with a bedsheet and suffocated himself.
Until his death, Martinez’s
family and friends did their best to keep his mental illness a secret. This was at his request. “Andrew did not want
people to know about his illness,” his mother said, “because then they would think he was crazy the whole time.”
In his moments of lucidity, there was one thing he desperately wanted to convey: “When he was the Naked Guy,”
one friend said, “he was completely sane.”
The man who gained national fame in the early 90s for attending classes at U.C. Berkeley
wearing nothing but a G-string, Luis Andrew Martinez a.k.a. The Naked Guy, met his end in a Santa Clara County jail cell where
he cinched a plastic bag around his neck and died of suffocation in May 2006. It turns out he was schizophrenic, and after
proving "people define normalcy in their own terms" and ultimately getting expelled from Cal, he was in and out
of jails and mental institutions where he did not always receive appropriate care. His mother, Esther Krenn, brought a wrongful
death lawsuit against the county and yesterday won a $1M settlement on the grounds of "reckless disregard or deliberate
indifference" to her son's condition.
prior to his suicide, Martinez had attempted suicide and been placed briefly in the jail's psychiatric unit, only to be put
back in a cell after promising to try to kill himself again.
Santa Clara County, Calif. (KCBS)--
Santa Clara County agreed Monday to change the way it processes mentally ill inmates as part of a $1 million settlement reached
a schizophrenic inmate who commit suicide while in jail.
Andrew Martinez became known as "The Naked Guy" while studying at UC Berkeley
in the early 1990's, routinely reporting to class wearing little more than shoes and a backpack.
Martinez, who was a
diagnosed schizophrenic, killed himself in 2006 while in custody at Santa Clara County jail as he awaited trial on assault
charges stemming from a confrontation with a guard at a halfway house.
Martinez' family then sued the county for wrongful death, settling Monday -
the third anniversary of his death - for $1 million.
"It's okay, but the most important issue is trying to get some changes in the jail,"
said Martinez' mother, Esther Krenn.
She claims her son was mistreated while behind bars and was allowed to somehow get a hold of a plastic bag, which
he used to suffocate himself.
"This just cannot happen in our society -- to treat someone like that or have lack of treatment," said Krenn.
The county has now agreed
of mentally ill inmates.
"We estimate at some point that 80% of thepeoplewho
are in jail have some kind of mental health issue," said Santa Clara County Supervisor Liz Kniss.
Jail officials will now notify family members
with the inmate's consent whenever they are taken to the acute psychiatric unit.
A memorial was held in Cupertino on Sunday for Andrew Martinez, whose naked jaunts through the
UC Berkeley campus earned him the nickname "the Naked Guy" and national fame before he committed suicide May 18
in a Santa Clara Jail cell at age 33. Here, attendees watch a 20-minute video of Martinez made by his girlfriend, Micaela
O'Herliha of Milwaukee.
Memorial for UC Berkeley's 'Naked Guy' A memorial was held in Cupertino on Sunday
for Andrew Martinez, whose naked jaunts through the UC Berkeley campus earned him the nickname "the Naked Guy" and
national fame before he committed suicide May 18 in a Santa Clara Jail cell at age 33. Here, attendees watch a 20-minute video
of Martinez made by his girlfriend, Micaela O'Herliha of Milwaukee. Chronicle photo by Lea Suzuki
It took ahellof a lot of courage, but Andrew did it. He knew that there was nothing dirty or
shameful about his body, and decided to start going to college classesin
the nude!Since he was attending the University of California, Berkeley,
at the time -- a very liberal school -- many people thought he would get away with it. And in our minds and hearts, he did.
But eventually Berkeley kicked him out, after passing a rule against going naked on campus -- a
rule specifically aimed at him. Andrew continued hanging around Berkeley, was arrested for public nudity by the city of Berkeley,
fought the charges -- andwon!For
many months, it wasperfectly legal to walk around nude in Berkeley-- until that famously liberal city, too, passed a law against it.
Clara County agreed Monday to settle a federal wrongful death lawsuit for $1 million in the jail suicide of a former University
of California, Berkeley student known as the "Naked Guy."
The mother of Luis Andrew Martinez accused
officials of failing to prevent her son's 2006 death.
In the lawsuit, Esther Krenn argued that jail officials had
acted with either "reckless disregard or deliberate indifference" when they failed to provide proper mental health
care for her son.
Martinez had a history of mental illness. He
was diagnosed with schizophrenia in 1997 and spent the next decade in and out of jails and mental institutions.
17, 2006, he was in custody for getting into a fight at a halfway house when he was found in his cell in the Santa Clara
County Jail with a plastic bag cinched around his neck.
His suffocation suicide came less than three weeks
after an earlier suicide attempt.
After the first suicide attempt,
Martinez was admitted to the jail's acute psychiatric unit, where he told medical personnel he would try to kill himself again
if he had the chance, according to the complaint.
Two weeks later, Martinez was discharged back into the jail's
general population and placed in a maximum-security cell, according to the suit.
"Andrew was a victim of a failed system of criminalizing mental illness and warehousing sick people in jails
without adequate facilities and qualified medical staffs for the treatment of their sickness," said attorney Geri Lynn
Green, who represented Martinez' mother.
As part of the settlement announced Monday, the county agreed to formalize
its policy of calling family members with the consent of inmates being held in the jail's psychiatric unit.
from the Santa Clara County attorney's office did not immediately comment on the settlement.
Martinez had gained national notoriety in the early 1990s for attending classes at UC Berkeley in the buff in
a self-described effort to "prove that people define normalcy in their own terms."
Former UC Berkeley student Andrew Martinez, a.k.a. the Naked Guy, lived
up to his nickname Friday, becoming the first person to be arrested under the city's new no-nudes law.
Martinez, whose stripped-down style inspired City Council members to
draft the anti-nudity ordinance, was arrested after he strolled on the UC Berkeley campus au naturel, said Lt. William Cooper
of the campus police.
Martinez, who was arrested
in the main campus plaza, called for help as he was being taken away by police, saying, "I'm a victim! I'm a victim!"
He was expected to be transferred to the Berkeley
City Jail, where bail arrangements could be made.
was expelled from UC Berkeley earlier this year after school officials rewrote the campus dress code to ban nudity.
Suspended Nudist Barred From UC Berkeley Campus
Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext) - Los Angeles, Calif.
nudist who was suspended from UC Berkeley last weekend will not be allowed on campus pending further review of his case, university
officials announced Wednesday-and his return is contingent on wearing clothes.
"He's not going to be allowed to come back nude. That's the bottom line," UC
spokeswoman Patricia McBroom said of junior Andrew Martinez.
known as "The Naked Guy" for coming to school unencumbered by clothing since classes began in August, was barred
from the university by UC police on Saturday for violating a new school policy requiring Berkeley students to wear clothes
The police order was found to have
violated university rules and was temporarily revoked, but the university reinstated the suspension Wednesday.
The suspension will remain in effect while the office of student conduct
reviews the case. The process, which usually takes about 10 days, could result in Martinez's dismissal from the university.
Martinez has become a local celebrity since leading
about two dozen naturalists in a September "Nude-In" outside the campus administration building.
"We're socialized to think that a lot of things are necessary
in life, but I just came to think that it's completely useless to wear clothes," said the 19-year-old Martinez, who attended
classes twice wearing nothing but sandals.
isn't that big of a deal," he added, explaining that experiments with marijuana and LSD led him to question the use of
clothing and other social mores. "It's a body, we all have one, we all have genitals. . . . There's all these little
weird neuroses of our culture that could be helped a little if nudity were accepted."
But some students and staff viewed Martinez's actions as amounting to sexual harassment.
"It's pretty much common sense that people wear clothes when they go to class," said UC spokesman Jesus Mena. "But
once it became an issue where people felt they were sexually harassed, we had to take action on it."
Martinez has been arrested for nudity three times this fall. But Alameda
County-where lewd and lascivious behavior is illegal but public nudity is not-has dropped the charges each time. Martinez
came to court naked to answer one set of charges and was forced to put on clothing before entering the courtroom.
Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext) - Los Angeles, Calif.
UC Berkeley Expels Campus Nudist for Naked Disobedience
The Naked Guy, a UC Berkeley
junior who gained national notoriety last semester for his nude wanderings around the campus, has been expelled for refusing
to wear "proper attire."
19, had been temporarily suspended in November pending the outcome of a student conduct hearing-which he attended in the buff.
He was informed in writing Saturday of the expulsion decision, which resulted from that hearing.
"Now they've expelled me, and it's almost, like, an excommunication,"
Martinez said. "I'm not allowed to go to school, which severely hampers somebody's chances to succeed."
Martinez can appeal his expulsion to the vice chancellor of undergraduate
affairs, but he said, "I don't know if I'll actually get around to it." He said he plans to sue the university for
violating "some kind of constitutional protection."
officials acknowledged that expulsion was an extremely rare penalty. "We just had to take some action, and he was warned
repeatedly that this would happen," said Jesus Mena, a spokesman for the university. "It was becoming very disruptive
in the classrooms. We had quite a few complaints from students . . . several of whom said they didn't want to go back to class
because a naked man was showing up."
initially outraged the campus administration in September, when he organized the university's first "nude-in." He
then regularly strutted his stuff on campus, and occasionally attended classes clad only in sandals. In response, the university
issued a policy in November banning nudity on campus.
contends that he is not trying to attract attention but is protesting social norms that he says do not make sense.
"We're socialized to think that a lot of things are necessary
in life, but I just came to think that it's completely useless to wear clothes," he explained in an interview after his
November suspension. "Why should I hide my penis?"
he said: "The reason to wear clothes is to repress sexuality, and I don't want to take part in that. I don't want to
facilitate the power structure by my conformity."
said he plans to write a book and appear on talk shows to discuss his experiences championing nudism at Berkeley, as well
as fight to legalize marijuana.
gotten (a lot of) free propaganda," he said cheerfully. "I think it's really helped the cause and the movement-if
there is one."
May 21, 2006
former UC Berkeley student known as the Naked Guy, who gained notoriety for attending class in the buff in the early 1990s,
died in jail, apparently a suicide, authorities said.
Martinez, 33, whose stripped-down campus strolls got him expelled and prompted the liberal city to adopt an anti-nudity ordinance,
was pronounced dead early Thursday in the Santa Clara County Main Jail, jail spokesman Mark Cursi said.
Martinez was found under his bed covers with a plastic bag cinched
around his head, Cursi said. Officials are investigating the death.
who was 6-foot-4, had been in custody since Jan. 10 on three felony charges of battery and assault with a deadly weapon, authorities
He was housed in solitary confinement
in a maximum-security area and was last seen alive about 11 p.m. Wednesday during a routine cell check, Cursi said.
He was found about 20 minutes later, when other prisoners
reported hearing unusual sounds from his cell, and was pronounced dead soon after.
In 1992, Martinez organized a "nude-in" protest at the university's Sproul Plaza.
He said he was trying to make a point about free expression at the birthplace of the 1964 Free Speech Movement.
"What I am getting out here is there's a lot of social control
going on here," he told the crowd at the nude-in.
message caught on, and nude spottings spiked on campus. Martinez, whose naked notoriety landed him on national television
talk shows, was expelled the next year after the university rewrote its dress code to ban nudity.
Martinez also became the first person arrested under the Berkeley city
ordinance, adopted in July 1993, after he and some of his supporters showed up at a City Hall meeting in the buff. He pleaded
guilty to the misdemeanor charge and got two years' probation.